Bulgarian stamps first appeared in The image above shows the first postage stamp of Bulgaria. The Cyrillic inscription at the top of the oval reads "Bulgarian Postage". The Cyrillic inscription at the bottom of the oval reads "Five Centimes". The central design features the lion from the Bulgarian coat-of-arms. The new Bulgarian postage stamps are very similar in design and size to the Russian Imperial postage stamps of the time. The Bulgarian struggle for independence during the 18th and 19th Centuries led to the April Uprising in The brutality of the Ottomans, in putting down the uprising, resulted in the Russian Empire declaring war on the Ottoman Empire in The Russian forces, with the aid of many Bulgarian soldiers, were victorious.
On March 3,as a result of the Treaty of San StefanoRomania, Serbia, and Montenegro became independent kingdoms, and Bulgaria became an autonomous principality within the Ottoman Empire.
Top 5 most valuable and rare Russian stamps
The self-governing Principality of Bulgaria would not actually be free of Ottoman external control until October 5,when it became the Kingdom or Tsardom of Bulgaria.
Of course, Bulgaria has an impressive recorded history, dating back to the 5th Century B. These historical roots have been well documented on the postage stamps of Bulgaria. Since the first Bulgarian postage stamp ofmore than 5, different postage stamps have been issued, with most of them being reasonably affordable.4a084 generator
Collecting Bulgarian stamps can offer many years of enjoyment and can result in a very impressive looking collection. The subject matter of Bulgarian commemorative stamps also offers many different thematic collecting possibilities.
Reviews of many of the postage stamp issues of Bulgaria, as well as the occasional historical article, will eventually appear in the page link section at the upper right.
Illustrating and describing ALL the stamps of modern Bulgaria is far beyond the scope and capability of this website. Fortunately for everyone, someone has already done that. Here is a link to an excellent website illustrating all the stamps of Bulgaria. Stamps of Bulgaria. From the stamp identification standpoint though, it is really not that difficult.
There are many resources on the internet, where you can find the Cyrillic alphabet. Many of them also have pronunciation aides in making the sound of each of the Cyrillic letters. With a little effort, you can memorize the Cyrillic letters and what they sound like, then it is very easy to phonetically pronounce most of the words.
One also needs to learn the numbers from 1 to 10 -- that is easy.Electra jailbreak 11 â 11.4.1
Most of the proper nouns and place names sound very similar to the way they are pronounced in Western languages, so with a little effort in learning the alphabet and the basic numbers, one should be able to easily identify most of the Bulgarian stamps.
The following link features category-focused affiliated seller listings on the US eBay site. They may enable visitors to shop for and to buy specific items for the particular collecting subject they've just read about. The affiliated eBay seller auction lots provided by eBay, Inc. On high priced material, make sure the lots you are buying are properly authenticated or certified.
Return to Home Page from Bulgarian Stamps. Definitives of Definitives of Definitives of Commemoratives of Commemoratives of Commemoratives of Republic Austria - 2nd. Germany - A.
Bulgaria Page Links Definitives of Definitives of Definitives of Commemoratives of Commemoratives of Commemoratives of There are several differences in style among the original Russian SKS and later versions, but a quick glance at the manufacturer markings and serial number can help you to easily identify your Russian SKS. The manufacturer stamp should be on the left side of the receiver. If the receiver stamp shows a star enclosing an upward-pointing arrow, the SKS was manufactured in Tula, Russia, probably before If the receiver stamp shows an upward-pointing arrow enclosed within a triangle, which is in turn enclosed within a circle, the SKS was manufactured in Izhevsk, Russia.
If the receiver stamp is simply a deeply stamped star, the rifle was probably manufactured in Tula after Most of the early Tula and Izhevsk rifles are stamped with four numbers and the letter R.Division 2 low fps
These indicate the date of manufacture. Many Russian SKS will also have a serial number on the receiver. It is quite difficult to track down the actual serial numbers, so most collectors simply refer to the manufacturer's markings for identification and dating. You will know you have a genuine Russian SKS if the serial number consists of two Cyrillic characters and a four-digit number.
He holds a Bachelor of Arts in international studies and a Bachelor of Arts in religious studies from the University of Oregon. Written by: Darby Stevenson Written on: February 04, Tips While there are many other ways of identifying a Russian SKS rifle, the manufacturer's markings are the simplest method.Location of air conditioning clutch fuse on f800
Speak to a professional collector or look at photos online to identify differences in the receiver cover styles, hand-guard latches, lugs and bayonet attachments. Warnings Always be sure to remove the magazine and empty the chamber before handling a firearm.
About the Author. Photo Credits ak47 image by Tobias Huber from Fotolia.What we generically refer to as "Russian stamps" is actually referring to a number of different political entities. With the immense amount of stamps issued over the last or so years, the philatelic specialization, general collecting, and topical collecting possibilities in this area are limitless!
The stamps of the Russian Empire offer a wonderful opportunity for a philatelic study! Aside from the general issues, which are quite manageable, there are many watermark, paper, and perforation varieties.
During the early 20th Century, the Russians experimented with varnish coating on their stamps, to prevent their cleaning and re-use, and this resulted in many minor collectible varieties. The stamps of the Russian Empire were used, in various forms, well into the Civil War period, which can yield even more philatelic varieties. The later imperial issues are not expensive, so a philatelist can acquire a lot of specialty material at a modest cost.
The Russians learned of the propaganda value that postage stamps have in telling a Worldwide audience about their government, their achievements, their people, and their country early-on, and over their 75 years in existence, they issued thousands of commemorative postage stamps. Just acquiring one of each of the major stamp issues of the Soviet Union can provide the collector with many years of pleasure and enjoyment. Collecting Russian stamps has Worldwide interest, and as a result, some of the early postage stamp varieties and souvenir sheets of the USSR through the 's have gotten a bit expensive.
But they are no more costly, overall, than the contemporary stamp issues of many widely collected European and Asian countries. With thematic collecting, one doesn't have to collect every issued stamp, and there are many topical possibilities with the stamps of the USSR.
The easy ones would be Lenin, Stalin, Marx, Engels, space exploration, flora and fauna, and there are numerous other thematic subject possibilities. For anyone seriously considering specializing in the stamps of Russia or the Stamps of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, a specialized catalog is required. The Zagorsky catalog is the specialty catalog for Russian stamps, and the more recent editions are published in English!
Click on the picture above for a link to ordering information on the Zagorsky website. The listings in the Zagorsky catalog are very similar to those used in the Michel catalogs, that is, with all the stamps, regardless of their particular categories, being listed in chronological order, as they were issued. These catalogs are also frequently available on eBay. Here's a link to the proper eBay category. For a new collector considering the collecting of Russian stamps, the Cyrillic alphabet and the Russian language can seem a bit intimidating.
From the stamp identification standpoint though, it is really not that difficult. Learning to speak, read, and write the Russian language would be a daunting task. There are many resources on the internet, where you can find the Cyrillic alphabet. Many of them also have pronunciation aides in making the sound of each of the Cyrillic letters.
With a little effort, one can memorize the Cyrillic letters and what they sound like, then it is very easy to phonetically pronounce most of the Russian words.
One also needs to learn the numbers from 1 to 10 in Russian -- that is easy.
Russian Empire. 1857-1917
Most Russian proper nouns and place names sound very similar to the way they are written and pronounced in Western languages, so with a little effort in learning the alphabet and the basic numbers, one should be able to easily identify most of the Russian stamps. Russian Philately utilizes both the Zagorsky and Scott catalog numbering systems for Russian stamps, and they can communicate in both the English and Russian languages.
The following links feature category-focused affiliated seller listings on various eBay sites worldwide. They may enable visitors to shop for and to buy specific items for the particular collecting subject they've just read about.
The affiliated eBay seller auction lots provided by eBay, Inc. On high priced material, make sure the lots you are buying are properly authenticated.
Shipping charges may be more, and the lots may take longer to arrive. Also, make sure the foreign seller ships to your country, before bidding on or buying his lot. Return to Home Page from Russian Stamps.In the 9th century AD the Bulgarian Tsar Simeon I the Greatfollowing the cultural and political course of his father Boris Icommissioned a new script, the Early Cyrillic alphabetto be made at the Preslav Literary School in the First Bulgarian Empirewhich would replace the Glagolitic scriptproduced earlier by Saints Cyril and Methodius and the same disciples that created the new Slavic script in Bulgaria.
The usage of the Cyrillic script in Bulgaria was made official in As of [update]around million people in Eurasia use it as the official alphabet for their national languages, with Russia accounting for about half of them. Cyrillic is derived from the Greek uncial scriptaugmented by letters from the older Glagolitic alphabetincluding some ligatures. These additional letters were used for Old Church Slavonic sounds not found in Greek.
The script is named in honor of the two Byzantine brothers,  Saints Cyril and Methodiuswho created the Glagolitic alphabet earlier on. Modern scholars believe that Cyrillic was developed and formalized by the early disciples of Cyril and Methodius, particularly by Clement of Ohrid. In the early 18th century, the Cyrillic script used in Russia was heavily reformed by Peter the Greatwho had recently returned from his Grand Embassy in Western Europe. The new letterforms, called the Civil scriptbecame closer to those of the Latin alphabet; several archaic letters were abolished and several letters were designed by Peter himself.
Letters became distinguished between upper and lower case. West European typography culture was also adopted. Cyrillic script spread throughout the East Slavic and some South Slavic territories, being adopted for writing local languages, such as Old East Slavic. Its adaptation to local languages produced a number of Cyrillic alphabets, discussed below. The letters also had numeric values, based not on Cyrillic alphabetical order, but inherited from the letters' Greek ancestors.
The early Cyrillic alphabet is difficult to represent on computers. Many of the letterforms differed from those of modern Cyrillic, varied a great deal in manuscriptsand changed over time. Few fonts include glyphs sufficient to reproduce the alphabet. In accordance with Unicode policy, the standard does not include letterform variations or ligatures found in manuscript sources unless they can be shown to conform to the Unicode definition of a character.
The Unicode 5. In Microsoft Windows, the Segoe UI user interface font is notable for having complete support for the archaic Cyrillic letters since Windows 8. The development of Cyrillic typography passed directly from the medieval stage to the late Baroquewithout a Renaissance phase as in Western Europe.
Late Medieval Cyrillic letters still found on many icon inscriptions today show a marked tendency to be very tall and narrow, with strokes often shared between adjacent letters. Peter the GreatTsar of Russia, mandated the use of westernized letter forms ru in the early 18th century.
Over time, these were largely adopted in the other languages that use the script. Thus, unlike the majority of modern Greek fonts that retained their own set of design principles for lower-case letters such as the placement of serifsthe shapes of stroke ends, and stroke-thickness rules, although Greek capital letters do use Latin design principlesmodern Cyrillic fonts are much the same as modern Latin fonts of the same font family.
The development of some Cyrillic computer typefaces from Latin ones has also contributed to the visual Latinization of Cyrillic type. Cyrillic uppercase and lowercase letter forms are not as differentiated as in Latin typography.
Cyrillic fonts, as well as Latin ones, have roman and italic types practically all popular modern fonts include parallel sets of Latin and Cyrillic letters, where many glyphs, uppercase as well as lowercase, are simply shared by both. However, the native font terminology in most Slavic languages for example, in Russian does not use the words "roman" and "italic" in this sense.
As in Latin typography, a sans-serif face may have a mechanically sloped oblique type naklonniy shrift —"sloped", or "slanted type" instead of italic. Similarly to Latin fonts, italic and cursive types of many Cyrillic letters typically lowercase; uppercase only for handwritten or stylish types are very different from their upright roman types. A boldfaced type is called poluzhirniy shrift "semi-bold type"because there existed fully boldfaced shapes that have been out of use since the beginning of the 20th century.
A bold italic combination bold slanted does not exist for all font families. In Standard Serbian, as well as in Macedonian,  some italic and cursive letters are allowed to be different to resemble more to the handwritten letters. The regular upright shapes are generally standardized among languages and there are no officially recognized variations.
The following table shows the differences between the upright and italic Cyrillic letters of the Russian alphabet. Italic forms significantly different from their upright analogues, or especially confusing to users of a Latin alphabet, are highlighted.The purpose of the Worldwide Illustrated Stamp Identifier is to provide a visual tool to assist in identifying the country of origin of particularly challenging stamps. On this page are stamps inscribed using Cyrillic writing.
Influenced by the Greek alphabet, the Cyrillic alphabet has been adapted as the basis of the written forms of over 50 different languages including Slavic languages such as Russian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Serbian, Ukrainian and Belarusian as well as non-Slavic languages including Mongolian, Kazakh, Uzbek, Kyrgyz and Tajik.
Revenue Court Fees. Introduction to Stamp Identification Minor variations in collectible stamps can mean the difference between a common item and a great rarity.
This introduction to the art and science of stamp identification covers provides an invaluable overview to the field covering such topics as finding your stamp in a catalogue, design variations, watermarks, printing methods and papers.
Understanding Stamp Values The subject of stamp valuation is a deceptively complex one. While at first glance, determining the value of a stamp might appear to be a simple matter of turning to one of the many available reference catalogues, in fact the stamp catalogue is just the beginning of the process. This overview presents some of the major topics in stamp valuation, setting you on course to making confident purchases and understanding the ultimate worth of your collection.
The Grinnell Missionaries - Stamp Collecting's Greatest Controversy First seen in when high school teacher and stamp collector George Grinnell claimed to have discovered dozens of rare early Hawaiian stamps, the Grinnell Missionaries have become perhaps the longest running controversy in stamp collecting.
To this day experts and collectors alike still debate whether they are clever forgeries or the find of a lifetime. The Hradcany Issue - Czechoslovakia's First Stamps Issued beginning Decemberthe first stamps of Czechoslovakia offer an affordable treat for the philatelic specialist. Known as the Hradcany issue, there are five basic types accompanied by a wealth of variations in color, paper types, perforations and plate flaws. Worldwide Illustrated Stamp Identifier - Cyrillic The purpose of the Worldwide Illustrated Stamp Identifier is to provide a visual tool to assist in identifying the country of origin of particularly challenging stamps.Antique Russian Copper Pot Czar era 19th c.
Cyrillic stamp, small traveling kit. Green enamelware pot camping coffee Tea Kettle Vintage enamel cookware.
Cyrillic Steel Character Stamps
Vintage copper au gratin pan, made in Italy T This is an antique copper pot with a lid that can be used as a small pan. It has stamps in the center of the lid. One stamp is in Cyrillic and the other is a not quite clean impression of the symbol of imperial Russia, the double headed eagle.
These stamps are from the end of the 19th century when Russia was ruled by Czar Alexander lll and Tsar Nicholas ll. It seems to be a kit, probably for use by just one person; it is small and easily carried by means of the strap handles.Imt 539 duplak cena
The pot is not quite 4. The insides of the cooking pot and the pan are tinned. The tinning is worn and seems to have been done or redone at some time with not a lot of concern for having it be a very precise application; there is some tin on the outside of the lid on the sides. I'm not entirely sure how the strap handles function; am wondering whether there might originally have been a separate detachable handle that could be used for either the pot or the pan.
There are a few very minor dings to the surface of the pot, please look at the photos. The strap handles are held in place by copper rivets. On the lid outside there is interesting texture to the copper; it looks like it was stretched which is an original manufacturing flaw which is related to that the process used to make the form was relatively new when these items were made.The first Imperial Russian postal stamp was issued in So, the first Russian 10 kopecks stamp went on sale December 10,but really started a circulation from January 1, and later, from March 1 — in the Caucasus, Transcaucasia, and Siberia area.
Since this date all private internal letters have been sent only with postage stamps that were cancelled with pen cancellation by two crossed lines.Russian lessons – Lesson 1 – Tips, goals and Russian alphabet - Russian language
A 5 kopecks 5 kop. After the stamps were printed on watermarked with a pattern of wavy horizontal or vertical lines. The coat of arms design was changed inand used for 2 kop and 8 kop values, and a 7 kop in The 7 kop was also printed on revenue stamp paper watermarked with a hexagon pattern; these are quite rare. A new issue of featured an updated design, lower values printed in a single color, and new high values — 14 kop, 35 kop, and 70 kop.
In January were issued 3. The first Russian semi-postal stamps were issued at the end of The four values were each sold at additional 3 kopecks over face value for the benefit of orphans of soldiers killed during the Russo-Japanese War. In were issued new Russian stamps with a mix of old and new designs, all printed on unwatermarked wove paper with lozenges on the face to discourage postage stamp reuse.
The 17 stamps featured portraits of the various Tsars, as well as views of the Kremlin, Romanov Castle and Winter Palace. Toggle navigation. Issue Years Catalog numbers 1st issue 2nd issue 3th issue 4th issue 5th issue 6th issue 7th issue 8th issue 33 9th issue 10th issue 34II 11th issue 12th issue 13th issue 14th issue 15th issue 16th issue 17th issue 18th issue 19th issue 20th issue 21th issue 22th issue 23th issue 24th issue 25th issue 26th issue 27th issue Currency stamps, 1st issue A1-A3 Currency stamps, 2nd issue A4-A6 Currency stamps, 3rd issue A7-A8 Currency stamps, 4th issue A9-A
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